Family planning is the ability of an individual and couples to anticipate and attain their desired number of children and the spacing and the timing of their births. It can be achieved through the use of contraceptive methods.
Here are the lists of different methods of family planning:
1. Long–Acting Reversible Contraception
The implant or intra-uterine device. It can lasts for a long time. There are two types of LARC:
Intra uterine device
Which can lasts for three, five or ten years.
Which can lasts for up to five years.
LARCs are the most effective types of contraception. The effectivity rate at preventing pregnancy is 99%
2. Hormonal Contraceptives
They uses hormones to prevent pregnancy. These includes pills and Depo Provera injection that used for Family Planing Method. There are two types of pills:
Combined oral contraceptive pills and Progestogen only contraceptive pills
Oral contraceptives, are medications you take by mouth to prevent pregnancy. They’re an effective method of birth control, you just need to take one pill each day.
Depo Provera Injection
An injection you get every three months.
If consistently used, the effectivity rate of hormonal contraceptive is more than 99%
3. Barrier Methods
It stops sperm from entering the vagina. The two barrier methods are:
Condoms protect against sexually transmissible infections (STI) and from unwanted pregnancy.
4. Permanent Contraception
Permanent contraception is also known as sterilization. It prevents all future pregnancy. There are two types of permanent contraception: