Different Methods of Family Planning

Family planning is the ability of an individual and couples to anticipate and attain their desired number of children and the spacing and the timing of their births. It can be achieved through the use of contraceptive methods.

Here are the lists of different methods of family planning:

1. LongActing Reversible Contraception

The implant or intra-uterine device. It can lasts for a long time. There are two types of LARC:

Intra uterine device

Which can lasts for three, five or ten years.

Different Methods of Family Planning


Which can lasts for up to five years.

Different Methods of Family Planning

LARCs are the most effective types of contraception. The effectivity rate at preventing pregnancy is 99%

2. Hormonal Contraceptives

They uses hormones to prevent pregnancy. These includes pills and Depo Provera injection that used for Family Planing Method. There are two types of pills:

Combined oral contraceptive pills and Progestogen only contraceptive pills

Oral contraceptives, are medications you take by mouth to prevent pregnancy. They’re an effective method of birth control, you just need to take one pill each day.

Contraceptive pills

Depo Provera Injection

An injection you get every three months.

Depo Proverra

If consistently used, the effectivity rate of hormonal contraceptive is more than 99%

3. Barrier Methods

It stops sperm from entering the vagina. The two barrier methods are:



Internal Condom

Internal Condom

Condoms protect against sexually transmissible infections (STI) and from unwanted pregnancy.

4. Permanent Contraception

Permanent contraception is also known as sterilization. It prevents all future pregnancy. There are two types of permanent contraception:



Tubal Ligation

Tubal Ligation

See also. WHO: Family planning/contraception methods

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